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Learn all about Multi-Agent Path Finding (MAPF)


S. Almagor and M. Lahijanian. Explainable Multi Agent Path Finding. In Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS), pages 34-42, 2020.

Abstract: Multi Agent Path Finding (MAPF) is the problem of planning paths for agents to reach their targets from their start locations, such that the agents do not collide while executing the plan. In safety-critical systems, the plan is typically checked by a human supervisor, who decides on whether to allow its execution. In such cases, we wish to convince the human that the plan is indeed collision free. To this end, we propose an explanation scheme for MAPF, which bases explanations on simplicity of visual verification by human’s cognitive process. The scheme decomposes a plan into segments such that within each segment, the paths of the agents are disjoint. Then, we can convince the supervisor that the plan is collision free using a small number of images (dubbed an explanation). In addition, we can measure the simplicity of a plan by the number of segments required for the decomposition. We study the complexity of algorithmic problems that arise by the explanation scheme, as well as the tradeoff between the length (makespan) of a plan and its minimal decomposition. We also provide experimental results of our scheme both in a continuous and in a discrete setting.

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(last updated in 2022)